Texas 
A&M Department of Geology & Geophysics

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Photo of Judith Chester

M.T. Halbouty Building,
Room 228
Geology & Geophysics, TAMU
College Station, TX 77843-3115

chesterj@geo.tamu.edu

Phone: 979-845-1380
Fax: 979-845-6162

Judith S. Chester
2002-2003 Montague - Center for Teaching Excellence Scholar
Associate Professor; Ph.D. Texas A&M University, 1992


Current 
Research
Courses 
Taught
Graduate Student Research
Publications
Affiliations

   


Current 
Research

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Deformation and alteration reactions during faulting: importance to earthquake nucleation and rupture propagation in the continental crust; mechanisms of creep compaction of reservoir rock; mechanics of fold-fault interaction in anisotropic rock.

Geologic Constraints on the Physics of Earthquake Rupture

Structural-Petrologic Characterization of the San Andreas Fault Zone (SAFOD)

Mechanics of Granular Material

Fracture and Faulting of Rock

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Courses 
Taught

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GEOL 101, Physical Geology
Earth materials, structure, external and internal characteristics; physical processes at work upon or within the planet.

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GEOL 665, Structural Petrology
Mechanisms of rock deformation from singe crystal to mountain range; techniques for mapping stresses and strains and for inferring physical conditions and mechanical behavior at time of deformation.

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GEOL 685, Active Tectonics
Recognition and evaluation of active tectonic processes, such as earthquakes and volcanism, and surface and near surface deformation as they relate to geologic hazard assessment and design bases for large, complex engineered projects

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GEOP 289, Special Topics - The San Andreas Fault

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Graduate Student 
Research

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Teresa Sabato Ceraldi (Ph.D. Geology)
EarthScope/SAFOD Funded Research.

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Hiroko Kitajima (Ph.D. Geology)
Dynamic weakening of ultracataclasite during rotary shear at seismic slip rates, SCEC Funded Research. Co-Chair F. M. Chester

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Rafael Almeida (M.S. Geology)
Lithology and structure of SAFOD Phase I core samples, EarthScope/SAFOD Funded Research.

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Erika Rodriguez (M.S. Geology, August 2005)
Petrofabric analysis of the transition from joints to faults in Carrara Marble, NSF Tectonics Funded Research.

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James Orofino (M.S. Geology, August 2005)
Fault reactivation and inversion: What can physical models tell us about the Palisades Monocline?

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Li Zhang (M.S. Geology, August 2003)
Folds above angular fault bends: mechanical constraints for backlimb trishear kinematic models.

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Leslie Neal (M.S. Geology, May 2002)
Structure and petrology of the Kern Canyon fault, California: A deeply exhumed strike-slip fault. USGS Funded Research.

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Nathan Kuhle (M.S. Geology, Dec. 2001)
Effect of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal-faulted strata. Co-Chair F. M. Chester

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Amanda Downing (M.S. Geology, Dec. 2001)
Regional geologic study of the Bone Spring Formation and its sandstone reservoirs in the Delaware Basin, PRF Funded Research. Co-Chair J. Mazzulo

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Brian Noonan (M.S. Geology, August 1999)
Paleoseismology study of the Cache River Valley, southern Illinois, and New Madrid Seismic Zone, southeast Missouri. USGS Funded Research.

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Jennifer Wilson (M.S. Geology, May 1999)
Microfracture fabric of the Punchbowl fault zone, San Andreas system, California, USGS Funded Research.

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Suzanne Astle (M.S. Geophysics, August 1998, Saint Louis University)
Seismic and surface geologic constraints on a structural reinterpretation of Buck Mountain, Nevada.

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Publications

Chester, F. M., Chester, J. S., Kronenberg, A. K., Hajash, A., Subcritical creep compaction of quartz sand at diagenetic conditions: effects of water and grain size, submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research.

Karner, S. L., Chester, J. S., Kronenberg, A. K., Chester, F. M., Strength of quartz sand and grain size mixing, submitted to Geotechnique.

Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., Kronenberg, A. K., Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl Fault, San Andreas system, Nature, 437, 133-135, 2005. pdf

Karner, S. L., Chester, F. M., Chester, J. S., Towards a unified constitutive relation to describe granular deformation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 237, 940-950, 2005.   pdf

Karner, S. L., Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., Kronenberg, A. K., Hajash, A., Laboratory deformation of granular quartz sand: Implications for the burial of clastic rocks, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 89, 603-625, 2005. pdf

Almeida, R., Chester, J., Chester, F., Waller, T. J., and Kirschner, D., Lithology and structure of SAFOD Phase I core samples, EOS Trans. AGU, T21A-0454, 86(52), 2005.

Chester, J. S., Kitajima, H., Shimamoto, T., and Chester, F. M., Dynamic weakening of ultracataclasite during rotary shear at seismic slip rates, EOS Trans. AGU, T21B-0472, 86(52), 2005.

Kirschner, D.L., Evans, J., Chester, J., Chester, F., Solum, J., Moore, D., Elemental and stable isotope chemistry of cuttings and core samples from SAFOD drill hole, EOS Trans. AGU, T21A-0452, 86(52), 2005.

Kitajima, H., Chester, J. S., Shimamoto, T., and Chester, F. M., Friction strength of Punchbowl Fault ultracataclasite at seismic slip rates, Proceedings and Abstracts SCEC Annual Meeting, Vol. XV, p. 140, 2005.

Rodriguez, E., Chester, J.S., Chester, F. M., A Microstructural study of the extension-fracture to shear-fracture transition in Carrara Marble, EOS Trans. AGU, T53C-1435, 86(52), 2005.

Chester, J. S., Lenz, S., Chester, F. M., Lang, R. A., Mechanisms of compaction of quartz sand at diagenetic conditions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 220/3-4, 435-451, 2004. pdf

Chester, F. M., Chester, J. S ., Kirschner, D. L., Schulz, S. E., Evans, J. P., Structure of large-displacement strike-slip fault zones in the brittle continental crust.   In: Karner, Gary D., Taylor, Brian, Driscoll, Neal W., Kohlstedt, David L. (eds.), Rheology and Deformation in the Lithosphere at Continental Margins.   Columbia University Press, New York, MARGINS Theoretical and Experimental Earth Science Series 1, 223-260, 2004. pdf

Bobich, J., F. M. Chester, J.S. Chester, Experimental analysis of hybrid fracture in Berea Sandstone, EOS Trans. AGU, 85(47), 2004.

Chester, J. S., Chester, F.M., Kronenberg, A.K., Fracture surface energy of mature fault zones from structural observations of the Punchbowl fault, California, EOS Trans. Spring AGU, 85(17), invited, 2004.

Zhang, L., Chester, J. S., Mechanical constraints on trishear kinematic models of the backlimbs of fault-bend and fault-propagation folds, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, A-154, 2004.

Chester, J. S., Kronenberg, A. K., Chester, F. M., Guillemette, R. N, Characterization of natural slip surfaces relevant to earthquake mechanics, EOS Trans. AGU, 84(46), 2003.   

Karner, S. L., Chester, F.M., Kronenberg, A.K., Chester, J.S., Subcritical compaction and yielding of granular quartz sand, Tectonophysics, 377/3-4, 357-381, 2003. pdf

Wilson, J., Chester, J.S., and Chester, F.M., Microfracture analysis of fault growth and wear processes, Punchbowl Fault, San Andreas System, California, Journal of Structural Geology, v. 25, no. 11, p. 1855-1873, 2003. pdf

Chester, J. S., Influence of lithology and layering on fault-fold interaction, Absaroka Thrust Sheet, Salt River Range, Wyoming, Journal Structural Geology, v. 25, no. 7, p. 1163-1184, 2003. pdf

Kuhle, N. J., Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., Kinematics of inversion of normal-faulted strata as a function of depth of burial and rock ductility, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, no.6. p. A-150, 2001.

Chester, F. M., and Chester, J. S., Stress and deformation along wavy frictional faults, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 105, p. 23,421-23,430, 2000. pdf

Kuhle, N. J., Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., Influence of inversion magnitude and burial path on inversion structures, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 32, no. 7, p. A31, 2000.

Neal, L A., Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., Wintsch, R. P., Internal structure of the Kern Canyon fault, California: A deeply exhumed strike-slip fault, EOS Trans. AGU, 81, F1145, 2000.

Chester, F. M., Kirschner, D. L., Chester, J. S., Extreme localization of slip during earthquake rupture - field evidence from the Punchbowl and San Gabriel faults, San Andreas system, California, EOS Trans. AGU, 80, F689, 1999.

Noonan, B., J. Chester, M. Tuttle, J. Sims, and K.Dyer-Williams, Liquefaction features in the Cache River Valley, Southern Illinois, EOS Trans. AGU, 80, S224, 1999.

Tuttle, M. T., Chester, J. S., Lafferty, R., Dyer-Williams, K., and Cande, B., Paleoseismology study northwest of the New Madrid Seismic Zone, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, NUREG/CR-5730, 155 pp, 1999.

Chester, F. M., and J. S. Chester, Ultracataclasite structure and friction processes of the San Andreas fault, Tectonophysics, 295, p. 199-221, 1998. pdf

Tuttle, M., Chester, J. S., Lafferty, R., Dyer-Williams, K., Haynes, M., Cande, R., and Sierzchula, M., Liquefaction features in southwestern Illinois and southeastern Missouri and their implications for paleoseismicity, EOS Trans. AGU, 79, p. S342, 1998.

Chester, J. S., and Fletcher, R. C., Stress distribution and failure in anisotropic rock near a bend on a weak fault, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, no. B1, p. 693-708, 1997. pdf

Chester, J. S., Geometry and kinematics of a passive-roof duplex in the interior of the Idaho-Wyoming-northern Utah thrust belt, Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v. 44, p. 363-374, 1996. pdf

Chester, J. S., and F. M. Chester, Deformation at the corners of rotated crustal blocks in southeastern San Gabriel Mountains, California, EOS Trans. AGU, 76, p. F625-F626, 1995.

Chester, J. S., Logan, J. M., and Spang, J. H., Influence of layering and boundary conditions on fault-bend and fault-propagation folding, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 103, p. 1059-1072, 1991.

Chester, J. S., and Chester, F. M., Fault-propagation folds above thrusts with constant dip. Journal of Structural Geology, v. 12, p. 903-910, 1990. pdf

Chester, J. S., Spang, J. H., and Logan, J. M., Comparison of thrust fault rock models to basement-cored folds in the Rocky Mountain Foreland, in: C. J. Schmidt and W. J. Perry, eds., Interaction of the Rocky Mountain Foreland and the Cordilleran Thrust Belt. Geological Society of America Memoir 171, p. 65-74, 1988.

Additional Publications...

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Affiliations

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The Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University

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Center for Tectonophysics, Texas A&M University

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Environmental & Engineering Geology and Geophysics Group, Texas A&M University

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